Digital collections

General Resources & Collections Online

  • Afghanistan Digital Library project at New York University, with the support of the National Endowment for the Humanities, The Reed Foundation, and the W.L.S. Spencer Foundation. The immediate objective of the Afghanistan Digital Library is to retrieve and restore the first sixty years of Afghanistan’s published cultural heritage. The project is collecting, cataloging, digitizing, and making available over the Internet as many Afghan publications from the period 1871–1930 as it is possible to identify and locate. (Background information about the project)
  • The Alpheios Project makes open source software for reading and learning languages. It currently supports Arabic, Latin and Ancient Greek texts.
  • American University in Cairo Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library. Supports research and teaching in the arts, culture, and society of Egypt and the Middle East by providing online access to unique cultural heritage resources. Browse and search photographsvideosoral historiesarchitectural drawings, and visual art.
  • “Archive Map” - Speak Memory. Born out of the Speak Memory symposium, the “Archive Map” research project seeks to create a growing database of archival collections and other resources that contain material relevant to the Middle East’s modern and contemporary art history. The “Archive Map” is currently limited to four countries: Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq. These countries have been selected because of their rich modern and contemporary art history and also because of our working relationship with several researchers that have been exploring archival collections in these countries. Lead researchers include Clare Davies for Egypt, Anneka Lenssen for Syria, Sarah Rogers for Lebanon and Saleem Al-Bahloly for Iraq.
    Speak Memory offers archival information on maps in the Middle East, namely on Syria, Egypt, Lebanon and Iraq.
  • Balochistan Archives "Balochistan Archives is an executive agency of the Government of Balochistan which serves as the main repository for official records and documents of historical significance. Archives contain evidence of financial and legal commitments, provide information about significant historical events, and help protect the civil and legal property rights of the citizens. In short, archives are the pillars on which the foundation of history stands and, therefore, require preservation and special care.We are the guardians of the most significant national and provincial level documents in Balochistan Province. Currently, we hold more than 20,000 files, printed papers, books, and manuscripts pertaining to the colonial and post-independence period in Balochistan."
  • The Checklist of Arabic Documents Orientalisches Seminar  -  الاستشراقمعهدThe Checklist of Arabic Documents aims to facilitate and advance the use of Arabic documents. By providing this inclusive bibliography of editions of Arabic documentary texts - on papyrus, paper, parchment, leather, ostraca, wood, stone and bone - in monographs and articles, and setting out a standardized system of abbreviations for monographs of Arabic document editions, we hope it will serve to enhance the transparency of citations and improve the accessibility of editions, functioning as a useful point of reference for Arabists and non-Arabists, specialists and non-specials alike.
  • UnicornCoptic Scriptorium Coptic SCRIPTORIUM is a platform for interdisciplinary and computational research in texts in the Coptic language, particularly the Sahidic dialect.  As an open-source, open-access initiative, our technologies and corpus facilitate a collaborative environment for digital research for all scholars working in Coptic.
  • The Digital Assets Repository (DAR) is a system developed at the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, the Library of Alexandria, to create and maintain the Library's digital collections. Explore our large collection of Arabic digital books, photo albums and more. DAR currently encompasses the largest Arabic book collection. For books that are out-of-copyright, their contents are fully available on the Internet. For books that are in-copyright, Internet users can browse only 5% of the book, with a minimum of 10 pages. Furthermore, for in-copyright books, the system allows simultaneous access according to the number of physical copies available at the BA. That is, if BA has purchased two copies of a book, only two users can access the digital copy simultaneously. Only when one of them releases the book, another user can have access to it.
  • Digital Collections of Early Printed Materials in the Arabic Script.” Paper presented at the 35th MELCom International Conference, Moscow, May 2013.
    Available on the MELCom website.
  • A Digital Corpus for Graeco-Arabic Studies Between the 8th and 10th centuries CE, hundreds of Greek philosophical, medical and scientific works were translated into Arabic. These translations helped shape the development of philosophy and science in the Islamic world. Through later Latin translations, they also exerted some influence in the Latin West.  Most importantly, Arabic translations were crucial for preserving, transmitting and extending ancient Greek thought: many Greek texts were lost in the intervening centuries and are now only extant in Arabic translation. The Arabic translators also had access to manuscripts that were often several centuries older and potentially closer to the Greek originals than those available to editors of ancient Greek texts today. The Arabic translators’ understanding of their Greek sources was informed by their historical, cultural, religious and linguistic background. Their reading of these texts offers a new perspective on the ancient world that has the potential to enhance our own understanding. The Digital Corpus assembles a wide range Greek texts and their Arabic counterparts. It also includes a number of Arabic commentaries and important secondary sources. The texts in the corpus can be consulted individually or side by side with their translation. The majority of texts can also be downloaded for further analysis.
  • Digital Library of Iran Parliament
  • Digital library of Berber archives A component of e-corpus e-corpus is a collective digital library that catalogs and disseminates numerous documents: manuscripts, archives, books, journals, prints, audio recordings, video, etc.
  • Digital Persian Archive - "Image Database of Persian Historical Documents from Iran and Central Asia up to the 20th Century -A Research Project of the Iranian Studies Division at the Centre of Near and Middle Eastern Studies, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Germany. 
    "The Project aims at facilitating access to the growing number of available Persian historical deeds and documents, both published and unpublished. It shall allow work on archival material with the help of incorporated facsimiles without recourse to the original - often remote - place of publication or storage. The Database includes "public" and "private" documents: royal decrees and orders, official correspondence, and shari'a court documents, such as contracts of sale and lease, vaqf deeds, marriage contracts, and court orders. It also serves as a bibliographic reference tool, being a continually updated repertoire of published historical documents."
  • Digital Repository of South Asian Studies - SavifaDok (Heidelberg) "SavifaDok, the Open Access document server of Savifa - the Virtual Library South Asia, is an electronic platform for publishing and archiving academic literature in the field of South Asian studies. The publication platform offers free access to full-text documents and adheres to the principles of Open Access as well as the goals of the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI)."
  • Discover Islamic Art part of Museum With No Frontiers The collection and database comprises of 1235 artifacts from 40 museums, monuments and archaeological sites from 14 countries.
  • Duke University Libraries, Ottoman-Turkish Literature (on Internet Archive)
  • E-CORPUS (e-corpus is a collective digital library that catalogs and disseminates numerous documents: manuscripts, archives, books, journals, prints, audio recordings, video, etc. This diverse platform presents cultural diversity worldwide and specifically in the Euro-Mediterranean region. Une bibliothèque numérique collective et patrimoniale gérée par le Centre de Conservation du Livre d'Arles)
  • Filāha Texts Project The purpose of the Filāha Texts Project is to publicise and elucidate the written works collectively known as the Kutub al-Filāha or ‘Books of Husbandry’ compiled by Arab, especially Andalusi, agronomists mainly between the 10th and 14th centuries (see Authors & Works). These systematic and detailed manuals of agriculture, horticulture and animal husbandry have been sadly neglected and remain largely unknown in the Anglophone world - apart from some of the Yemeni works they have never been translated into English. They not only provide primary source material for the understanding of what has been called the ‘Islamic Green Revolution’ but constitute a rich body of knowledge concerning a traditional system of husbandry which is as valid today as it was a thousand years ago and has much relevance to future sustainable agriculture. See Introduction.
  • Find Open Access Dissertations and Theses
  • Farabi Digital Library (e-library portal of the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture. You'll need to register for a (free) account to access the digitized texts. You can use the Filter tool to browse by subject heading, keeping in mind that the subject headings are sometimes arranged in different order.
  • Global Open Access Portal (GOAP) The Portal provides an overview of the framework surrounding Open Access in UNESCO Member States. In the Access by Region section one will find links to major Open Access projects in various countries.
  • HathiTrust Digital Library (A partnership of 50+ major research institutions and libraries; brings together the collections of partner institutions in digital form; offers full-text search across all items in the repository (including public domain and in copyright works); offering bibliographic searching (title, author, subject, ISBN, publisher, and year of publication))
  • Holy Quran - KSU Electronic Moshaf project - King Saud University High Quality (for fast connections); Al-Husari; Al-Husari (Mojawwad); Al-Huthaify; AbdullRahman Al-Sudais; Saud Al-Shoraim; Maher Al-moaqeli; Saad Al-Gamdi ...
  • Internet Islamic History Sourcebook Internet History Sourcebooks Project Fordham University. The Jesuit University of New York.Paul Halsall, Editor
  • The Internet Archive, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, is building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Like a paper library, we provide free access to researchers, historians, scholars, and the general public.
  • Islamic Art Collections from Around the World. Digital initiative offers online visitors a view of Islamic Art collections at museums from around the world. Over 40 museums in 18 countries are included in Explore Collections of Islamic Art, a resource recently launched by Museum With No Frontiers (MWNF).
  • Islamic e Books "There are hundreds of islam related free e books, covering Islamic History, Fiqh, Emaan, etc. From the Moroccan pirates at the turn of the 17th century to Islam in China. All the books listed are completely free to view online or download, in various formats. For Instructions on how to download these books to Kindle. See our Kindle Guide."
  • "The Islamic Finance Project DataBank (IFP DataBank) is a comprehensive collection of research information pertaining to the increasing important field of Islamic finance. It aims to assist academics, researchers and professionals who require relevant academic information related to Islamic economics and finance, and pertain sharia rulings and sources. "
  • Islamic Seals Database the Chester Beatty Library Seals Project, an online, interactive database of seal impressions found in Islamic manuscripts. Seal impressions provide valuable information on the history of a manuscript and this database is intended as a convenient means by which to find or share that information. We hope the database will serve as a useful resource for anyone working on Islamic manuscripts.
  • Jerusalem Virtual Library: The Academic Database on Historic Jerusalem "The Jerusalem Library, initiated in 2001 by Prof. Sari Nusseibah, President of Al-Quds University and Prof. Ronnie Ellenblum of The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, is meant to be a comprehensive resource for the history of Jerusalem. The library, hosted together by the two universities, enables free access to digitized historical materials and primary sources about Jerusalem. The collections are based on the archives of the Jewish National Library, the Israel Antiquities Authority and the collections of al-Quds University. To date, most of the historical sources are kept in national, religious, municipal and private archives and are not accessible to all. Physical and non-tangible barriers prevent potential readers, in Jerusalem and elsewhere from exploring the vast and complicated history of the city. The virtual library is meant to overcome these barriers. The Library makes use of innovative content-oriented IT tools and enables a more convenient, home-based search in the documents themselves. The biggest part of the collections are books, maps, photographs, engravings and inscriptions published for the first time before the beginning of the 20th century. The material is scanned, OCR'd and thoroughly indexed. The indexing was carried out by a group of Palestinian and Israeli students who were supervised by specialists specializing in Classical Languages, Arabic and Islamic Studies, Hebrew and Jewish Studies, Geography History and Christianity, The basic idea of the library is to enable the user to retrieve indexed extracts of various fields. Efforts were made to include topics such as gender, feelings, various stages in life, love, war, hatred, inter-community relations and other topics which are usually not included in traditional indexes. These features will enable the Library users to directly access historical data, thus eliminating the external narrator or historian as the interpreter of history. 
    Creating such an academic unbiased approach to the history of Jerusalem is a challenging task for while Jerusalem is the contested capital of two peoples, it is also a spiritual center for each of the world's three monotheistic religions and a universal symbol of hope and holiness. Through the Library, Jerusalem will be made accessible not only to its own residents and the countries that shoulder responsibility for its future, but to the entire world."
  • Library Saxony-Anhalt in Halle (Germany).
  • The Mahmoud Salih Collection [Digitized publications relating to Sudan served from Digitalt, the Bergen University Library Institutional Repository]
  • al-Maktaba ash-Shâmila الشاملة*المكتبة A library containing an initial amout of 1800 books on the various Islaamic sciences [Arabic only]
  • al-Maktaba al-Waqfiyya
  • Al Manhal is a non-profitable initiative whose mission is to contribute to the academic knowledge through creating an e-library that includes scientific resources that originate from and concern the universities of the Arab World and neighborhood countries. For this reason, Al Manhal is more than a project that integrates the principal activities of MERC [the Ford Foundation established the Middle East Research Competition (MERC) in 1986] as it is also a work tool which is open to all people. Its objective is to help the researchers to effectively use the Information Technologies at the benefit of research in social sciences. The content principally targets the students who are finishing their studies and for young MA and PhD researchers.
    -- The Collection -- 
    The e-library of Al manhal is made of collections that relate to each other. Each one harbours a specific common theme. Up today, thanks to the help of many partners who believe in the spirit of open knowledge, the database is composed of 10 categories of documents: PhD Dissertations (Full Text Format) Downloadable. PhD Dissertations (Full Text Format) Read Only. PhD Dissertations (30% Format) Read only or Downloadable. Master Theses (30% Format). Assessor’s Reports MERC Reports. Articles. The Working Papers. The Faculty of Human and Social Sciences of Tunis. University of Tunis The Cairo faculty of Letters; Cairo University. King Saoud University(KSA) King Abdu Aziz University (KSA). Al-Mawrid (A Foundation for Islamic Research and Education--Free downloads, Urdu Arabic & English)
  • MENALIB The Middle East Virtual Library (MENALIB) is an information portal for Middle East, North African, and Islamic Studies. It provides access to electronic fulltext materials or electronic bibliographical records of printed materials and manuscripts. The technical basis for this Virtual Library is maintained by the State- and University
  • Middle East Political Sites Project - Stanford University Library The project intends to capture and archive the web sites by and about some of the more important political organizations and related NGOs from the countries of the Middle East. Archived copies of web sites are made available six months after the date of capture.
  • The Middle East Water Collection The Middle East Water Collection provides access to roughly 9000 items on political, socio-economic, demographic, and legal issues of water in the Middle East. Materials include data, books, journal and newspaper articles, and documents published in the Middle East, Europe, and North America originating from a variety of publishers and national and multinational agencies and organizations. Materials in the public domain are available in full text from this website. More materials from the original collection will be added online as copyright permissions are granted. This website may be used as a search interface for the complete collection of M|E Water materials housed on the 3rd floor of the OSU Valley Library.
  • Narjes Open access of Shia books (in Arabic and English)
  • The Oman Library at - Middle East Institute
  • Online archive on Mandatory Palestine The archive of the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) is located in Jerusalem. It essentially continues the archive from the British Mandate Period.
  • Open Access Arabic and Middle Eastern Journals and Series via Yale University Library
  • Osmanlı Edebiyatı Bibliyografyası Veritabanı - The Online Bibliography of Ottoman-Turkish Literature Welcome to The Online Bibliography of Ottoman-Turkish Literature, a free and extensive database of references to theses, books, articles, papers and projects relating to research into Ottoman-Turkish culture. Please visit the Turkish version of this site if your first language is Turkish. 
  • Preserving and Creating Access to Unique Afghan Records, 1989-2006 The University of Arizona Libraries (UAL) and the Afghanistan Centre at Kabul University (ACKU) are collaborating on a digitization project "Preserving and Creating Access to Unique Afghan Records". ACKU's collection is the most extensive in the region covering a time of war and social upheaval in the country, with most of the documents in the principal languages of Pashto and Dari. The collection contains information related to history, social, economic, and cultural heritage of Afghanistan. This project is being funded from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH). About 2,800 titles (about 236,000 pages) are currently available.
  • Project Gutenberg / Islam * Islam (Bookshelf)
  • al-Raqmiyyāt: Digital Islamic History: "Reading Traditional Sources with Nontraditional Methods" [Tufts University]

Community Arabic Texts / Community Texts / Blogs

Community Texts is a section of the Internet Archive, Texts, a source for Open Source Books & digital texts. Users can post there anonymously (you may find pirated content there). The site is searchable in Arabic.

  • Open Source Books has been renamed to Community Books! (The URL is still the same, though.) These books are books contributed by the community. Click here to contribute your book! For more information and how-to please see
  • Waguih Ghali Unpublished Papers : Diaries (1964-1968) and Manuscript Fragments
    Digitized by Cornell University Library.
  • Annemarie Schimmel Kolleg "History and Society during the Mamluk Era (1250-1517)"
  • Sharing Ancient Wisdoms project The SAWS Dynamic Library contains five main groups of texts. Elvira Wakelnig and colleagues in Vienna have made available two collections, Gnomological Material in Arabic and in Arabic-Spanish transmission, and Arabic Philosophical Compendia and Excerpts of Arabic and Latin Philosophical Texts; these include, among others, transcriptions of two abridgements of the iwān al-ikma, Ps.-ʿĀmirī’s Kitāb al-Saʿāda, the first editions of three unpublished Arabic compilations of philosophical material, together with further excerpts from relevant texts, from Greek sources and from the Spanish Bocados di Oro whch drew on this tradition, etc.
  • Classics in Arabic
    "The blog aggregates news about publications, activities, etc. related to Arabic scholarship in the field of classics and thus seeks to provide greater access to non-Arabic scholars. The news comes mainly from Egypt without excluding other Arabic countries. It aims also at directing the attention of my Egyptian/Arabic colleagues to relevant classics materials from an Arabic context, whether this is Graeco-Arabicum or Arabico-Latinum."
  • "The Persian Grammar Guide is a free online resource for Persian language learners. The grammar guides have been created with the aid and resources available at San Diego State University’s Language Acquisition Resource Center (LARC) in order to allow Persian language learners the opportunity to build on their learning experience through an interactive, comprehensive, and self-paced online resource, filled with descriptions, examples, audio, and activities.
    You can click through the Alphabet to learn the names and sounds of each letter in the Persian alphabet, then try your hand at spelling some of the basic words introduced throughout the project. The rest of the grammar section is divided into parts of speech. These are comprehensive grammar guides that are meant to aid Persian learners by explaining the rules of the language. They are not lessons in themselves but resources to refer to in order to understand Persian language structure. Each of these sections will include descriptions of the parts of speech in English, as well as the names for them in Persian. You will also look through examples and get the chance to practice what you are learning."

Journals, Periodicals & Magazines

[See also: Academic & Scholarly Journals]

  • Abou Naddara Journal Collection

    "This website offers the complete newspapers published by the Egyptian nationalist James Sanua (يعقوب صنوع, 1839-1912) from 1878 to 1910. In addition, formerly unpublished manuscripts by the same author, articles from newspapers of the period about the journalist and his oeuvre, as well as the decorations he received are also available. Most of the material was directly scanned from the originals published at the turn of the 19th to the 20th century, and therefore contains an ample variety of magnificent and colorful lithographs."

    Published: Cairo: 1878. Paris: 1878-1910.
    Language : Arabic; French

  • Access to Mideast and Islamic Resources (AMIR) blog includes a continuously updated list of open access journals in Middle Eastern studies.
  • (salafi)
  • The Clarion Project archives scans of Dabiq: The Islamic State's (ISIS) Magazine
  • Early Palestinian Newspapers Collection at Givat Haviva - Peace Library
  • Hakkı Tarık Us Collection (Beyazıt State Library in Istanbul, Turkey. This is a Digital archive of Ottoman periodicals, included in the Hakkı Tarık Us Collection, which is currently kept at the Beyazıt State Library in Istanbul. All the digitized data are now available both at the Beyazıt State Library and at Tokyo University of Foreign Studies Library in Tokyo.)
  • Project Jara'id: A Chronology of Nineteenth-Century Periodicals in Arabic (1800-1900). A Research Tool / Zentrum Moderner Orient (ZMO, Berlin). The list contains bibliographical data for 847 titles, including availabilities of extant copies, and a number of indexes. This research tool may be of interest to students and researchers of Arabic printing in particular and the modern history of the Middle East in general. This website provides a chronology of nineteenth-century periodicals in Arabic. Although it is meant to include all periodicals published in Arabic or in Arabic and in another language (like the usual pair of Arabic and Ottoman Turkish) or in Arabic written in a different script (like Judeo-Arabic) in the period from 1800 to 1900, this chronology is certainly incomplete. Furthermore, there remain numerous problems with dating and locating individual publications as well as identifying their owners, editors, or publishers. A common problem is that journals with different editors used the same title or the same editors published periodicals under different titles.
  • al-Kashkûl al-musawwar (Egyptian politics, literature, caricature... table taken from dahsha)
  • Middle East Virtual Library - MENALIB
    • JournalTocs FREE access to new tables of content from 14,228 journals collected from 607 top publishers (as of today) that you can access and have delivered to you, users, friends, via RSS as soon as they hit the database. You can also save the tables of content to your folder an access them on the web. The service includes number of publishers with Middle East related journals such as Brill, Taylor & Francis, Intellect and various university presses.
  • Têgeyştinî Rastî (Understanding the truth) [1918-1919] -- Kurdish newspaper
  • "Têgeyştinî Rastî (Understanding the truth) was a semiweekly newspaper published by the command of the British army in Iraq in 1918-19... The paper’s headquarters was in Baghdad, on present-day Nahr Street, in the same building as the Jareedet Al-Arab newspaper. The paper’s masthead contained no mention of the names of the owners, editor-in-chief, or editorial board, and articles were not published under bylines. It is known, however, that a Major Soane was the editor-in-chief, and that he prepared the entire paper for publication... The paper took a hostile stance toward the October Revolution in Russia; tried to appeal to tribal leaders, elders, and other leaders with influence in the Kurdish community; and depicted the British army as a liberator of the Kurds from Ottoman control. It promoted Kurdish literature and the poetry of Al-Haj Qadir Al-Koobi and Nali Rimhawi Ka, and it was the first Kurdish paper to write about the history and origins of the Kurdish people."
  • Preservation of historical periodical collections (1900-1950) at the Al-Aqsa Mosque Library in East JerusalemMany early Arab newspapers from the historical periodical collections (1900-1950) at the Al-Aqsa Mosque Library in East Jerusalem are now available online for research purposes.
    The newspapers were digitized by British Library Endangered Archives Programme.
  • The 1967 Census of the West Bank and Gaza Strip: A Digitized Version. Joel Perlmann, Project Director. Annandale-on-Hudson, N.Y.: Levy Economics Institute of Bard College. November 2011 – February 2012. [Digitized from: Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 1967 Conducted in the Areas Administered by the IDF, Vols. 1–5 (1967–70), and Census of Population and Housing: East Jerusalem, Parts 1 and 2 (1968–70). 

Manuscripts, Rare Books & Archives

  • American University in Cairo Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library - "The Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library (RBSCDL), established in Fall 2011, provides a platform for Rare Books and Special Collections Library and Archives collection managers to publish born digital and digital surrogates of cultural heritage materials. Resources from the University Archives, Rare and Special Books, Archives and Manuscripts Collections, Oral History Interviews, Regional Architecture Collections, and Photography Collections may be included in the Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library. Further, the digital library supports collaborative digitization and digital collection projects. The library’s collection policies and content are managed by the Rare Books and Special Collections Library and technical support is supplied by University Academic Computing Technologies."
  • "The American University in Cairo - Board of Trustees Meetings Minutes digital collection primarily includes meeting agendas and minutes, as well as additional documentation such as budgets, correspondence, reports, and memoranda. The collection includes minutes ranging from the first meeting of the Board of Trustees of Cairo Christian University on November 30, 1914 to the American University at Cairo’s meeting on December 19, 1959"
  • Ancient Manuscripts From the Desert Libraries of Timbuktu (Library of Congress) Timbuktu, Mali, is the legendary city founded as a commercial center in West Africa nine hundred years ago. Dating from the 16th to the 18th centuries, the ancient manuscripts presented in this exhibition cover every aspect of human endeavor and are indicative of the high level of civilization attained by West Africans during the Middle Ages. Enter Exhibition
  • Al-aqsa Mosque Library, East Jerusalem. The Endangered Archives Programme has recently made available the digitised manuscripts from the Al-aqsa Mosque Library, East Jerusalem.
    The materials selected for digitisation include a collection of 119 rare manuscripts that span over several Islamic periods from the 12th to the 19th century AD, constituting approximately 33000 pages. The selection includes the manuscripts from the collections of well-known Palestinian scholars, such as Fayd Allah al-'Alami and the Shaykh Khalil al-Khalidi and from the private collection of Shaykh Muhammad al-Khalili, who died in 1734. The manuscripts selected for digitisation cover a wide range of subjects, including theology, Quran and its interpretation, Islamic law, Arabic language and literature, astronomy, medicine and history. The collection documents the history and cultural heritage of the region and its people.
  • Arabic and berber manuscripts in Provence Alpes Côte d'Azur libraries
  • The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek now presents 20 splendid manuscripts from its voluminous Oriental collection in the form of an application for iPads and iPhones. The valuable and rare Koran manuscripts as well as select examples of Arabic, Persian and Ottoman book art form part of the Oriental collection, whose foundation was laid already in 1558, the foundation year of the library. Today the collection comprises around 17,000 Oriental manuscripts, among them around 4,200 from the Islamic cultural area and around 260,000 printed works.
  • Archives Ouvertes de l'Institut français du Proche-Orient The French Institute for the Near East (Ifpo) Disciplines of humanities and social sciences, from Antiquity to our times, and at the understanding of the Near East in general and that of Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, the Palestinian territories and Iraq in particular.
    Strong with its three scientific departments (Contemporary Studies, Medieval and Modern Arab Studies and Archaeology and Ancient History),
  • Averroes Long Commentary on the Metaphysics On Line
  • Bibliothèque Numérique Marocaine Accès aux catalogues des manuscrits de la BNRM. Manuscrits
    • Ba'th Party Records Collected by the Iraq Memory Foundation More than ten million digitized page images and fifteen hundred video files collected by the Iraq Memory Foundation (IMF) from the Ba'th Regional Command headquarters and other sources are housed in the Hoover Archives. This vast array of digital files illuminates political conditions in, and governance of, Iraq during Saddam Hussein's regime. 
      The materials are divided into two collections according to origin. The larger collection, which consists of documents created by the Regional Command of the Hiẓb al-Ba'th al-'Arabī al-Ishtirākī (Ba'th Party) and other administrative and security agencies during the Ba'th Party’s reign in Iraq,  is accordingly titled the Hiẓb al-Ba'th al-'Arabī al-Ishtirākī records, 1968–2003. A smaller set of video files and printed matter was created by the IMF and other parties after the fall of the Ba'th Party and thus was assigned to a second collection, Iraq Memory Foundation issuances, 2003–2009.  
      The Hiẓb al-Ba'th al-'Arabī al-Ishtirākī records contain digitized copies of correspondence, reports, membership and personnel files, judicial and investigatory dossiers, administrative files, school registers, and video recordings. The Iraq Memory Foundation issuances are chiefly videoed oral histories of survivors of Ba'th Party repression and, from Iraqi television, videoed proceedings of Saddam Hussein's trial before the Supreme Iraqi Criminal Tribunal. 
      The vast majority of the Ba'th Party records and all of the Iraq Memory Foundation issuances are open for research. Access is obtained via a custom portal on computer workstations in the Hoover Archives reading room, with some printed matter of the Iraq Memory Foundation available as hard copies. Researchers must sign a user agreement before being granted access to these collections. More information is available in the documents listed below. 
      -Guide to the Hib al-Ba'th al-'Arabī al-Ishtirākī records
      -Guide to the Iraq Memory Foundation issuances
      -Getting started with the IMF portal
      -Access criteria and use agreement
  • The British Library’s main archives and manuscripts catalogue
  • Cambridge Digital Library - Islamic Manuscripts "Cambridge University Library's collection of Islamic manuscripts dates from the origins of Arabic scholarship in Cambridge in the 1630s when the University founded a Professorship in Arabic and William Bedwell donated a Qur'an to the Library. Since that time the collection has grown in size and diversity to over 5,000 works, including the collections of Thomas Erpenius, J.L.Burckhardt, E.H.Palmer and E.G. Browne. These manuscripts shed light on many aspects of the Islamic world, its beliefs and learning..."
  • See also:
  • Daiber Collection - Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo
    This collection is the corpus of manuscripts mainly focused on Arabic, collected by Dr. Hans Daiber, a professor of Islamic studies in Germany, over many years. Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo purchased the collection, its first part in 1986-1987 and its second part in 1994.
  • Database of Southeast Asian Islamic Manuscripts 
    Catalog of Southeast Asian Islamic Manuscripts published by Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta.
    "Database of Nusantara Islam Manuscripts is a database that provides various informations related to Nusantara Islam manuscripts. The database covers a wide range of Nusantara Islam manuscripts-based research—using philological approach or other approaches; conducting by foreign scholars or native scholars. As the center of Nusantara Islam manuscripts, the database not only records the title, author, copyist, language, and literacy texts, but also provides a number of manuscript collections and catalogues including lists, and various publications relating to manuscript which is used as the primary resource of research. In addition, the database provides authors and copyists’ biographical information and their activities. Therefore, Database of Nusantara Islam Manuscripts, as the center of information and research on manuscript that can be accessed online, is very important for the manuscripts-based researches and other researches. Thus, through the information contained in the database of Nusantara Islam manuscript, various topics of research can be developed further, while the potential for duplication and plagiarism cases in the study of manuscript can also be avoided."
  • Digitised Arabic papyri collection from the University of Utah’s Library. University of Utah’s J. Willard Marriot Library has finished a 6 year project digitizing and uploading their Arabic papyri collection. "The Arabic Papyrus, Parchment & Paper Collection is the largest of its kind in the United States, containing 770 Arabic papyrus documents, 1300 Arabic paper documents, and several pieces on parchment. The collection was acquired by Prof. Aziz Suriyal Atiya, founder of the Middle East Center and the Middle East Library. A large number of pieces date to the period between 700 and 850 CE. The collection includes a significant number of documents from the pre-Ottoman period and thus offers unique source material on the political, economic, religious and intellectual life of Egypt during the first two centuries of Islamic rule and the period up to Ottoman domination."
  • Gazi Husrev-Begova Biblioteka. The Gazi Husrev-Begova Biblioteka is the largest collection of Islamic manuscripts and documents in the Balkans. Located on the premises of the mosque complex of the same name in Sarajevo, the well-catalogued collection and brand new library [building] is one of the premier locations for the study of the Ottoman Empire in general and the Balkans in particular. At the beginning of 2014, the [477-year-old] library will officially open a state-of-the-art building to researchers and the general public. [Read more].
  • Harvard University, Islamic Heritage Project The IHP collection now includes over 280 manuscripts, selected from Houghton Library and the Harvard Art Museum/Arthur M. Sackler Museum. Dating from the 10th to the 20th centuries CE, these Islamic manuscripts constitute a record of the diverse artistic traditions, literary cultures, learning traditions, and religious interpretations of the pre-modern Islamic world.
  • Islamic manuscripts reference library This part of the Islamic manuscripts site contains many out of print publications which are nowadays often difficult to find. The section is continually being expanded. Among other things it contains the full contents of Manuscripts of the Middle East (MME), the journal published by Ter Lugt Press in Leiden in the 1980's and 1990's.
    This section also contains recent publications some of which may still be in print. These have usually been included with the permission of the owners of the copyright, sometimes with mention of the websites where such publications can be purchased.
    This section of the site also contains older catalogues of Islamic manuscripts, which are now out-of-print, and a great number of other relevant publications.
  • Islamic Medical Manuscripts at the National Library of Medicine Here you can learn about Islamic medicine and science during the Middle Ages and the important role it played in the history of Europe. This site, with its biographies, colorful images, and extensive historical accounts of medieval medicine and science is designed for students and everyone interested in the history of Islamic and European culture.
  • Institute of Islamic Studies at McGill University, Montreal, Canada.
  • Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin, Germany.
  • American Council of Learned Societies (USA)
    • (ISMI) contains information on over 1,500 scientists, their works, and their social milieu, spanning the entire Islamic world, from Islamic Spain to India and the borders of China, beginning in the 8th century and continuing until the 19th. These works in astronomy, mathematics, physics, geography, mechanics, and related disciplines number in the thousands and are represented, conservatively speaking, by tens of thousands of manuscript copies spread throughout the world. 
      Much more than a simple catalogue, ISMI provides information on the authors, content of the texts, readership and ownership, institutional locations where the manuscripts were copied, studied, and taught, the relationship of original texts and their commentaries and supercommentaries, and other information that will help draw a picture of the social and intellectual contexts of these works. 
      ISMI aims to contribute to our understanding of the role of rationalism in traditional Islamic societies and the interplay of science and religion within them, and more generally to treat science in Islam as a humanistic enterprise.
  • The Islamic Scientific Manuscripts Initiative (ISMI) is a joint project of :
  • Manuscript@CSIC El portal Manuscript@CSIC presenta las colecciones de manuscritos en hebreo, árabe y aljamiado conservados en las bibliotecas del CSIC, incorporando tanto su catalogación como su digitalización. Se trata de una acción conjunta entre el Instituto de Lenguas y Culturas del Mediterráneo y Oriente Próximo, la Escuela de Estudios Árabes de Granada y la Unidad de Coordinación de Bibliotecas del CSIC, realizada con el fin de dar a conocer las colecciones de manuscritos en lenguas orientales conservados en sus bibliotecas: Biblioteca Tomás Navarro Tomás del Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales y la Biblioteca de la Escuela de Estudios Árabe.
  • The Manuscript at CSIC The Manuscript@CSIC portal presents the collections of manuscripts in Hebrew, Arabic and Aljamiado preserved and stored in the network of CSIC libraries, and includes information on their cataloging and digitalization. The Portal is the result of a joint project carried out by the Institute of Mediterranean and Near Eastern Languages and Cultures (ILC),the School of Arabic Studies in Granada (EEA) and the CSIC Library Coordination Unit. The project intends to make the collections of manuscripts stored in their libraries accessible to the public (Tomás Navarro Tomás Library and School of Arabic Studies Library[The Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)].
  • e-Ktobe: Manuscrits Syriaques E-ktobe est une base de données sur les manuscrits syriaques visant à rassembler des informations sur les textes, les aspects matériels (matière, composition des cahiers, reliure, écriture, etc.), les colophons mais aussi les notes de ces manuscrits. E-ktobe brasse ainsi de nombreuses informations sur les personnes (copistes, commanditaires, restaurateurs etc...), les lieux et les dates en lien avec la confection des manuscrits syriaques. 
    Les notices ont été saisies à partir des descriptions fournies par les catalogues édités ; elles sont parfois complétées par un examen direct des manuscrits. En aucun cas, les notices de e-ktobe ne dispensent l'utilisateur d'un retour au catalogue et au manuscrit lui-même. Ce site a été conçu dans le cadre du programme SYRAB de l'ANR (Agence Nationale de la Recherche). Il est placé sous la responsabilité scientifique d'André Binggeli, Muriel Debié (CNRS, IRHT, UPR 841), Françoise Briquel-Chatonnet et Alain Desreumaux (CNRS, Orient & Méditerranée, UMR 8167). La base est actuellement alimentée par Flavia Ruani et Emilie Villey (IRHT, section grecque). You will find a data base on Syriac manuscripts. It will enable any researcher to make a request on texts, authors and codicological elements for all manuscripts in the world. So thanks to this data-base you can ask some material details, and also make a request about one person connected with the making of the Syriac manuscript (copyist, restorer, sponsor, ...).
  • Collaboration in Cataloging: Islamic Manuscripts at Michigan "The University of Michigan Library is in the final year of a three-year, grant-funded project to fully catalogue its Islamic Manuscripts Collection. Supported by a “Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives” grant administered by the Council on Library and Information Resources with generous funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the project, “Collaboration in Cataloging: Islamic Manuscripts at Michigan” has sought to engage established and emerging scholars by involving them in the cataloguing process – examination, description and generation of searchable metadata – for the collection of roughly 1,100 manuscripts in Arabic, Persian, and Turkish dating from the 8th to the 20th century CE. 
    The manuscripts are being digitized and made freely accessible through the HathiTrust Digital Library in order to facilitate the cataloguing work, which leverages a web-based “crowdsourcing” approach to generate rich and detailed descriptions addressing both material and textual characteristics. The efforts of project staff at the University of Michigan, led by project cataloguer Evyn Kropf, are thus supplemented by contributions from the wider scholarly community as colleagues interact with brief inventory descriptions and the digitized manuscripts via the project website ( )
  • Hazine | A guide to archives and collections in the Middle East "is dedicated to helping scholars conduct research in the Middle East and beyond. The core content of HAZINE is practical articles regarding how to access and use archives, manuscript libraries, and collections in the greater Islamic world, both large and small. For the moment, we are starting with four major archives in Istanbul—the Ottoman State Archives, Topkapi Palace Archive and Library, Süleymaniye Library, and ISAM—but with weekly updates, we plan to expand our coverage. In addition, we will post periodically articles containing more critical reflection on methods of research and the nature of archival work."
  • Miscellanea documenti turchi. Venetian State Archives (Archivio di Stato di Venezia) made available collection of (mostly) Ottoman documents under a collective title.   "The collection contains 2,022 documents related to the Republic of Venice’s relations with the Ottoman Empire between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries. The collection is ordered chronologically with a small number of undated documents added to the end of the collection’s series. Documents n.1-1997 are ordered chronologically and include material produced between 859/1454 and 1252/1837. The majority of these documents are from the tenth/sixteenth century (n. 73-1117), although the collection has considerable material from the eleventh/seventeenth century as well (n. 1118- 1609)..."
  • The Minassian Collection of Qur'anic Manuscripts
    A project of Brown University Library
    This database catalogues the holdings of over 200 Qur’anic manuscript folios dating from the 9th to the 16th centuries housed within the special collections of the Brown University libraries. These items were acquired as part of a treasury of rich artistic and textual items donated in 1998 to Brown by Adrienne Minassian, the daughter of Kirkor Minassian (1874–1944), who was an active art collector and dealer based in New York and Paris in the early 20th century. In addition to the forty distinct manuscripts of the Qur’an represented here, the collection includes numerous Persian manuscripts, calligraphic panels, Persian and Central Asian ceramics and other art objects, as well as an impressive selection of miniature paintings from the Persian, Mughul and Indian traditions.
  • Mohammed Image Archive. Depictions of Mohammed Throughout History. The Mohammed Image Archive is a compendium of images that depict Mohammed (the 7th-century founder of Islam), spanning all historical periods, cultures and genres.
  • OMAR was built at the University of Freiburg (Germany), in cooperation with the Center of Informatics of the University of Tübingen (Germany).
    The databank contains images of approx. 2.500 Arabic manuscripts (in full text, 134.000 images) from Mauritania together with the corresponding bibliographical metadata. The scans were taken from microfilms, stored at the University of Freiburg, whose originals are preserved at the IMRS (Institut Mauritanien de Recherche Scientifique) in Nouakchott (Mauritania).
    The microfilms where made by Rainer Oßwald, Ulrich Rebstock and Tobias Mayer during several research trips in Mauritania between 1979 and 1997.
    A detailed description of these undertakings can be found in
    Ulrich Rebstock: Maurische Literaturgeschichte (= MLG), vol. I-III, Würzburg: Ergon Verlag 2001, vol. I: Einleitung.
    Maurische Literaturgeschichte: contents and introduction (in German, as PDF-File)
    The databank was realized with the financial support of the Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg and the German Research Association (DFG).
  • Open access manuscript catalogue with some exemplifying images: al-Maktaba al-markaziyya lil-makhtūtāt al-islāmiyya
  • The Open Treasury for Islamic Manuscript [Iran]
  • Ottoman Manuscripts from the Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi KÜTÜPHANE VE DOKÜMANTASYON MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ
  • SAVAMADCI Sauvegarde et Valorisation des Manuscrits pour la Défense de la Culture Islamique
  • The Ottoman Archives
  • Ottoman Archives Explorer: A Retrieval System for Digital Ottoman Archives This article presents Ottoman Archives Explorer, a Content-Based Retrieval (CBR) system based on character recognition for printed and handwritten historical documents. Several methods for character segmentation and recognition stages are investigated. In particular, sliding-window and histogram segmentation methods are coupled with recognition approaches using spatial features, neural networks, and a graph-based model. The prototype system provides CBR of document images using both example-based queries and a virtual keyboard to construct query words.
  • Digital archives on ottoman envoys in Belgium This website offers access to the diplomatic reports of Ottoman envoys in Belgium (1849–1914). They are made available here for the first time in high-quality photographic reproduction, together with key information on every dispatch (author, recipient, date, summary).
  • The Quran in East and West: Manuscripts and Printed Books The site is based on what originally was an exhibit at the Burke Library (Columbia University Libraries).
  • "Saxon State and University Library Dresden (SLUB) manuscript collection contains over 448 Islamic manuscripts (196 Ottoman, 184 Arabic, 68 Persian). Following clashes with the Ottomans in the Baltic region, these manuscripts arrived in Europe and were acquired in the 18th and 19th centuries from collections of nobility and scholarly estates. In the 19th century, a large number of Tibetan (438) and Mongolian (58) manuscripts were purchased. Other Oriental manuscripts, i.e. Chinese (18), Japanese (3), Indonesian (9), Sanskrit (1), Hebraic (10) and Ethiopian (4), were bestowed upon the library by private persons. With the exception of a few recent acquisitions, most of the Islamic manuscripts are registered in the "Catalogus codicum manuscriptorum orientalium Bibliothecae Regiae Dresdensis", which was published in Leipzig in 1831 by the Orientalist Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer (1801-1888). This index is available digitally at
    A complete list of the Tibetan, Mongolian, Chinese, Hebraic, and Ethiopian manuscripts as well as a partial list of the Indonesian manuscripts can be found in the "Verzeichnis der orientalischen Handschriften in Deutschland" (Index of Oriental Manuscripts in Germany, VOHD; Wiesbaden / Stuttgart 1961ff.)."
  • Studying the East: Selections of Manuscripts and Rare Books
  • Thesaurus d'Epigraphie Islamique contains inscriptions from Southeast Asia (Burma, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam) grouped together with the 9 first instalments (Maghreb countries, Arabian Peninsula, Central (ex-Soviet) Asia, Egypt, Indian World, Sub-Saharan Africa, Irak, and Western Europe). Approximately 23'000 epigraphical files of inscriptions are available as well as 6'300 photographs. The Max van Berchem Foundation now offers access to the new Thesaurus d'Epigraphie Islamique site free of charge using standard web browsers (Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari, Opera, Internet Explorer) in their most recent version.
  • The Tombouctou Manuscripts Project The Tombouctou Manuscripts Project at the University of Cape Town (UCT) is dedicated to research various aspects of writing and reading the handwritten works of Timbuktu and beyond. Training young researchers is an integral part of its work.
  • Turkish Studies: International Periodical For the Languages, Literature and History of Turkish or Turkic ISSN: 1308-2140 Turkish Studies is a journal publishing academic , scientific and original articles based on research, analysis and assessment. Especially Turkish and English, German, French and Russian articles are published since Turkish Studies is published in the field of Social Sciences.
  • Türkiye Yazmaları (Manuscripts of Turkey): (Your browser may warn you that this is not a trusted source. Apparently, they are in the process of obtaining a new security certificate, and the issue should be resolved soon.) On this site, you can search manuscripts in Turkey, see some of them online, and even order digital copies of pages, paying a certain amount per page with the credit you purchase with your credit card online. I believe the search function is open to all -- you do not have to be a member to the site. You just have to make sure that you can use Turkish letters in your browsing software so that you can enter the right diacritics for modern Turkish (circumflexes do not seem to matter). After you enter a search term, like the author "Mustafa Ali,"
    you get to a page where all the relevant manuscripts are shown to you by name, call number, etc. On that page, on the right hand side there is a column called "G." If you see an eye on that column, you can actually view the manuscript online (click on the call number, then scroll down on the next page and select a page from the thumbview) -- but only if you get a membership. After you get a membership, the page you see will have the logo of the Turkish Ministry of Culture in the center. But if you purchase some credit and "buy" a digital copy of the page, the copy you download comes without the watermark logo.
  • Underwood & Underwood Egypt Stereoviews. Digital Collection at the American University in Cairo Documents 19th Century Egypt. The collection includes 101 images of Egypt commissioned by the Underwood & Underwood publishing company in the 1890s. The photographs, originally sold as a boxed sets, document 19th century Egyptian culture and the history of travel in the Middle East. The wide geographic scope of its subjects spanning along the Nile River, the Suez Canal towns and the Egyptian deserts render a thorough introductory visual representation of Egypt as opposed to the contemporaneous amateur and subjectively compiled albums of its time. Of particular interest are the brief descriptions and the six language translated captions on the back of each card which, content wise, often contain inaccuracies that may be interpreted as colonial approaches on the part of the publishing company. 
    The collection was originally purchased in 1985 by American University in Cairo President Richard F. Pedersen. Two years later, Pedersen expanded the collection by purchasing the full set of stereoscope slides. The collection is available in the Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library.
  • Manuscript Collection of the Waqfiyyat ash-Shaykh 'Alî b. Abdallâh b. Qâsim Âl Thânî
  • West African Arabic Manuscript Database "The Arabic Manuscript Management System is a bi-lingual database that was developed at the University of Illinois in the late 1980s to describe a collection of Arabic manuscripts in southern Mauritania (Boutilimit). It subsequently has been used to catalogue seven other West African collections including the manuscript libraries at the Institut Mauritanien de Recherche Scientifique, Northwestern University, and the Centre Ahmad Baba in Timbuctu.  Currently (during 2011-2) print catalogues from West Africa published by al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation are being added to it. For more information on the activities and publications of the Foundation and these catalogues visit
    The database has a search engine designed to identify manuscripts and authors when only fragmentary information is available, in Arabic or Roman script, for records now in excess of 23,000. Experimental linkage of digital images of manuscript texts to the records is currently underway..."
  • Yemeni Manuscript Digitization Initiative "The private manuscript libraries of Yemen, estimated at 50,000 codices, constitutes the largest and most important set of unexamined Arabic manuscripts in the world today. The Yemeni Manuscript Digitization Initiative presents, for the first time, access to manuscripts from three private libraries in Sanaa, Yemen, and virtually conjoins them to additional Yemeni manuscripts held by the Princeton University Library and Staatsbibliothek, Berlin. The texts in this archive were composed, copied, studied, and preserved by Zaydi scholars from the tenth century to the present. Zaydism is a leading school of Islam in Northern Yemen known for forms of rationalist theology that were abandoned in other regions. The Yemeni Manuscript Digitization Initiative is made possible by a Enriching Digital Collections Grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaf (DFG). The grant is administered by Princeton University Library and the Free University, Berlin in conjunction with the Imam Zayd ibn Ali Cultural Foundation (IZbACF) in Sanaa, Yemen. Information on this grant and related projects to preserve and disseminate the manuscripts of Yemen can be found at"
  • *Chroniques du manuscrit au Yémen* (*CMY*) provides information about the manuscripts of Yemen and more widely the Arabian Peninsula and about International events concerning manuscripts in general (heading  ’Actualités du manuscrit’). Manuscripts are taken to include both codices and documents. Articles are posted under the heading ‘Textes’. They include reports on manuscripts presently in Yemen or in the Arabian Peninsula and on those which, although originating in Yemen and Arabian Peninsula, are now elsewhere. The CMY is a bi-lingual review which is published in French (news, articles) or English (articles), then in Arabic translation on the Centre français d'Archéologie et de Scienes sociales (CEFAS) website
  • Preserving Yemen's cultural heritage : the Yemen manuscript digitization project Author: Sabine Schmidtke; Jan Thiele. Publisher: Sanaa : Botschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland Sanaa, 2011.
    Series: Hefte zur Kulturgeschichte des Jemen, 5.
  • Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran Digital Archive. Explores the lives of women during the Qajar era (1796-1925) through a wide array of materials from private family holdings and participating institutions. Women’s Worlds in Qajar Iran provides bilingual access to thousands of personal papers, manuscripts, photographs, publications, everyday objects, works of art and audio materials, making it a unique online resource for social and cultural histories of the Qajar world.
  • Wunder der erschaffenen Dinge – Osmanische Manuskripte in Hamburger Sammlungen" 
    “Wonders of Creation” – Ottoman Manuscripts in Hamburg Collections
  • PAVONe: Platform of the Arabic Versions of the New Testament Since 2012 our Digital Humanities Centre at the University of Balamand has been developing an online database for the Arabic text of the Gospels. The database is accessible online and it's open for scholars.The database contains the following sections/services:
    • The "About" section: It includes a presentation of the project and the methodology used.
    • The "Manuscripts" section: It allows the user to browse the Gospels manuscripts transcribed in the database. Two browsing modalities are offered: the first one allows the scholar to visualize the manuscripts in their geographical location using a geotagging feature; the second one allows the filtration of the manuscripts by a variety of parameters (date, language...). Both modalities lead to the same resources and give the researcher the possibility of displaying some codicological and paleographical properties of the manuscripts and their content as well.
    • The "Lectionary" section: It gives the liturgical structure of the lectionary as used by the Rum Orthodox Church and allows the researcher to browse the corresponding pericopes in the lectionary manuscripts. All the transcribed texts are published with a copy of the manuscript containing the reading. This allows the scholar to examine the original digital photo of the text and to compare it with our reading.
    • The "Citations" section: In this section, we identified all the citations and allusions of the Gospels verses in the literature produced by Christians and Muslims in the first millennium. We limited our sources to the works mentioned in  the monumental work: "Christian-Muslim Relations. A Bibliographical History". This section enables the researchers to browse all these citations and allusions and to compare them with their parallels in the lectionaries and/or continuous texts of the Gospels.
    • The "Search" section: this module allows the researcher to look for a specific verse in all the contents of the database regardless of the type of the source. The user can search, for example, for a verse in the "Muslim-Christian citations" and lectionaries at the same time...

MAPS (& Geo Data)

  • "Cartography in the Traditional Islamic and South Asian Societies", Edited by J. B. Harley and David Woodward. (The History of Cartography from the University of Chicago). The online .pdf files include "Early Geographical Mapping,"; "Pre-Modern Ottoman Geographical Mapping"; "Marine Charting" and "South Asian Cartography". The most popular download is the article: Chapter 14. "Islamic Charting in the Mediterranean" by Svat Soucek.

  • The Graphics of Revolution and War: Iranian Poster Art This permanent online exhibit was collaboratively produced with a loan exhibition of the University of Chicago's posters on display at the Indiana University Art Museum from October 15 to December 18, 2011 ( The posters in the Bloomington exhibition were generously lent by the Special Collections Research Center of the University of Chicago Library.

    Guide to the Middle Eastern Posters Collection 1970s-1990s. The Middle Eastern Posters collection comprises posters produced by government offices and private organizations, primarily in Iran and Afghanistan.

  • Holy Land Maps from the Eran Laor Cartographic Collection The Holy Land has been the subject of a relatively large number of maps, chiefly due to its religious importance. Some of the earliest maps reflected ancient traditions of mapping such as that of Ptolemy; others were meant to illustrate the Holy Scriptures. Some maps were printed separately; while others were published as part of atlases, itineraries and travel books. Owners who could afford the expense added coloring to their maps.

  • Irancarto Cartographic studies on Iran and the Iranian world.

  • Rural Society in Medieval Islam: ‘History of the Fayyum’ This website offers the tools for a micro-study of the social, economic and demographic realities of the medieval Fayyum. It contains an expansive database that brings together the entire fiscal, demographic and geographic information contained in the ‘History of the Fayyum’. We aim to provide researchers in a variety of disciplines (History, Archaeology, Economics, and Geography) with direct access to the data. (Queen Mary, University of London).

E-Books in Public Domain Image result for open access journal

Review of User Requirements for Digitised Resources in Islamic Studies (2008/ MELCOM/JISC [‘Joint Information Systems Committee’]).

Miscellaneous (Multimedia. Visuals. Prints. Photographs. Posters, etc.)

  • Review of User Requirements for Digitised Resources in Islamic Studies (2008/ MELCOM/JISC [‘Joint Information Systems Committee’]).
  • Manar Al-Athar منار الآثار: Free multi-media resource for the study of the Middle East
    The Manar al-Athar website, based at the University of Oxford, aims to provide high resolution, searchable images for teaching, research, and publication. These images of archaeological sites, with buildings and art, will cover the areas of the former Roman empire which later came under Islamic rule, such as Syro-Palestine/the Levant, Arabia, Egypt, North Africa and Spain. The chronological range is from Alexander the Great (i.e., from about 300 BC) through, the Islamic period to the present. It is the first website of its kind providing such material labelled jointly in both Arabic and English. We will also be publishing related material, both online and on paper, in English and Arabic.
  • Ottoman History Podcast A history podcast dedicated to presenting accessible and relevant information about the Ottoman Empire, the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Published by PhD students from Georgetown University this collection contains recordings of various lengths on topics related to Ottoman history, politics, and culture. Each podcast is accompanied by selected bibliography on the topic.
  • Abdul Hamid II Collection (Library of Congress)
  • Iran in Photographs The art of photography was introduced to Iran more than 150 years ago. Browse this site to view hundreds of photographs taken in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, from distinguished images of the Qajar royal family and expansive views of Persepolis to glimpses of everyday in life on the streets of Tehran. Explore the use of glass-plate negatives in early photography, research archival records, learn about collectors, and take an intimate look at life in Iran a century ago.
    The Archives of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery contain more than 1,100 original prints and glass-plate negatives by Antonin Sevruguin and other photographers. A grant from the Parsa Foundation funded the digitization and cataloging of the entire Freer and Sackler collection, the largest public collection of Sevruguin’s photographs outside of Iran. These prints and plates, assembled from the donated holdings of avid collectors and historians, form the core of a rapidly growing collection of early photography of Iran and establish the Freer and Sackler Archives as a leading center for its study.
  • The photographs of the Ottoman photographers
  • Photographic Practice in the Late Ottoman Era: Between Orientalist Cliches and Images of Modernization / Michelle L Woodward.
  • Digitizing the Palestine Refugee Experience / The United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA)'s digitized archive, which consists of over half a million negatives, prints, slides, films and videocassettes covering all aspects of the life and history of Palestine refugees from 1948 to the present day.
  • "Osama Bin Laden Tapes" is a companion website to the book The Audacious Ascetic :
    What the Bin Laden Tapes Reveal About Al-Qa'ida
     by Flagg Miller.
    "Website has been designed to allow non-Arabic speakers to listen to material featured in The Audacious Ascetic while reading English translations in real-time as the recordings unfold. As the book demonstrates, much of the meaning of bin Laden’s words and the significance of Al-Qa’ida for his early primary audiences was lost when edited and converted to print, video, and electronic media for global consumption. These recorded excerpts have been selected and produced specifically to accompany the book. They are best contextualized in tandem with the perspectives and arguments therein."
  • Poster Collection at the American University of Beirut Jafet Library. Political posters collected between the 1960s and the 1980s. This collection covers two main topics: Palestinian Question and Lebanon and the Lebanese Civil War.
    • They include the following sections:< >Palestine Liberation Organization (82posters):Nos.1-81

      The Other Palestinian Organizations (63 posters):Nos. 83-145

      The Lebanese Left (75 posters):Nos. 146-220

      The Progressive Socialist Party (65 posters):Nos. 221-285

      The South and the Resistance (58 posters):Nos. 286-343

      The Lebanese Right (21 posters):Nos. 344-364,

      Signs of Conflict Archive - Political Posters of Lebanon Civil War (1975-1990)

      Palestine Poster Project Archives

      Middle East Images in the Prints and Photographs Division. Prints & Photographs Online Catalog. The Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division (P&P) has numerous varied and unique collections of Middle East images. This visual material includes photographic prints, negatives, albums, book illustrations, posters, architectural drawings, and cartoons. The majority of images were created between 1840 and 1970, although some earlier and later materials are also available.

    • The Library of Congress. Matson Collection (particularly useful for the late Ottoman Levant although it continues beyond the Ottoman period).
    • Cartoon History of the Middle East Starting in 1853. "The purpose of this project was to display by way of a collection of drawings how the Anglo-American press cartooned and lampooned the chain of events within the region between 1853 to today. The Cartoonist do not draw for today. Looked back upon, we find that their art provides a time capsule of history, offering a graphic perspective of events over a given time." These cartoons are compiled by Peter Casillas and Web Site designed by Darryl M. Gann
    • Orientalist Photography The collection includes late nineteenth century and early twentieth century architecture in Arab cityscapes and natural landscapes. The photos bear witness to the scars left by the Ottoman empire , French and English. The collection includes postcards and albumen photographs. The majority of the albumen photos where taken by professional photographers, including the Zangaki brothers, Pascal Sabah and Lehnert & Landrock.
    • Images from Ullens collection at AKPIA/FAL Harvard. The Fine Arts Library and the Aga Khan Documentation Center at Harvard University are pleased to announce that the entirety of the Baroness Marie-Thérèse Ullens de Schooten Archive slide collection has been digitized and is now available on-line. Over 4,600 images are freely accessible in Harvard’s Visual Information Access (VIA), , for scholarly and research purposes. For more information, or to enquire about publication, please contact Joanne Bloom, Photographic Resources Librarian, 617-495-4656, Baroness Ullens (1905-1989), wife of a Belgian diplomat, spent several months every year from 1951 to around 1970 in Iran documenting visual and material culture. In 1991, Baroness Ullens' work was donated to the Harvard Semitic Museum. More information on the entire collection at Harvard can be found at|library/m/aleph|005381702
    • Middle Eastern Film Posters Digitization Initiative "Princeton University Library’s Arabic Movie Posters and Lobby Cards Collection was acquired in Lebanon in 2008 and is comprised of 1,748 posters and 768 lobby cards. Egyptian posters predominate with 1,474, reflecting the unchallenged prominence of Egypt in the production of Arabic feature films. Some 150 posters are for Lebanese films, 113 Syrian and 11 Iraqi. The purpose of the posters was to advertize coming attractions, and they represent films produced from 1935 to 2007. Most of the posters are on standard Arab single-sheet size paper. However, many are on non-standard sheets. Similarly, there are posters that are composed on multiple sheets, including some on twenty-four sheets meant for display on the side of multi-story buildings. The lobbies cards, also for coming attractions and meant for display in theater lobbies, are composed of multiple still shots taken on movie sets and affixed to standard–sized cardboard. They represent 172 films produced in Egypt (145), Lebanon (13) and Syria (14) from 1964 to 2007." 
    • Historical Photographs of the Land of Israel: Younes & Soraya Nazarian Library, University of Haifa The Land of Israel has always attracted professional and amateur photographers. Over the years, archives, institutions and individuals have kept rare collections, documenting its unique views and people. The university's library operates for the digital conservation and documentation of these contents, in order to keep them from wearing out and to provide accessibility for education and research purposes. In the website are photographs from various sources that were donated to the library's Digital Media Center. 
      The digital collection is part of the work done by the library of Haifa University. Its purpose is to expose and provide accessibility to historical photographs of the Land of Israel. The project started as cooperation with the department of Land of Israel Studies in Haifa University and Bitmuna project. All the photographs in the Historical Photographs of the Land of Israel website are available to the public, under fair use and copyright limitations.
    • CollectionsA-Z
    • Chester Beatty Library Seals Project
    • Islamic Manuscripts Collection, University of Michigan
    • Iraqi manuscript libraries  ( Middle East Librarians Association's Committee on Iraqi Libraries )
    • Library of the Institut d'Égypte
    • Catalogue of seals and talismans housed at the Ashmolean from the 8th to 19th century Islamic world, by Ludvik Kalus (published Oxford, 1986).
    • Catalogue of Islamic Seals and Talismans A catalogue of seals and talismans housed at the Ashmolean from the 8th to 19th century Islamic world, by Ludvik Kalus (published Oxford, 1986).
    • Embroideries and Samplers from Islamic Egypt A selection of 10th to 16th century embroideries from the Newberry collection at the Ashmolean, by Marianne Ellis (published Oxford, 2001).
    • Islamic seal impressions and ownership stamps online
    • Semitisches Tonarchiv (SemArch) / Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg. Seminar für Sprachen und Kulturen des Vorderen Orients. Semitistik. " Welcome to the web-site of the archive of audio documents (SemArch) at the Department of Semitic linguisticsUniversity of Heidelberg. SemArch, funded by the DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft), is aiming at the digitalization of audio documents of Semitic languages or dialects and their archiving and publishing in an internet-database. In case your computer is provided with a sound-card, loudspeaker and RealPlayer or MP3-Player, you can listen to the documents collected in this database. The players and your browser have to be adjusted for internet-streaming. The links on this site are labeled as follows: [RAM] = Listen to a document via RealPlayer-stream (no download). [M3U] = Listen to a document via M3U-stream (no download). [MP3] = Download a document in MP3 format. "
    • Sirat Bani Hilal Digital Archive 
      "The Sirat Bani Hilal Digital Archive is designed as an open access resource for the preservation and dissemination of audio recordings, written texts, photographic images and other materials related to the “Epic of the Bani Hilal tribe.” The site is dedicated to the epic singers of al-Bakātūsh (Egypt) for their willingness to share their knowledge and performances of this thousand-year-old epic poem."
      The Archive was created and is maintained with support of the American Council of Learned Societies and the University of California, Santa Barbara.
    • The Architectural Heritage of the Ottoman Balkans - Machiel Kiel photographic archive "In September 2011 the Netherlands Institute in Turkey (NIT) has launched a project for the digitization and publication of the photographic archive of Machiel Kiel. A former director of the NIT, Kiel is a renowned Dutch scholar intrinsically connected with the study of Ottoman architectural monuments in the Balkan countries, which he pioneered. His archive represents an invaluable source for researchers of this heritage. Created for the most part between the 1960s and 90s, it also contains visual documentation of many monuments that have not survived, or have been significantly altered in, the second half of the twentieth century.
      The publication of Kiel’s archive by the NIT is hoped to significantly advance international research on this heritage.     
      In May, 2012, the NIT made available online the almost 1300 images digitized and processed within phase 1 of the project, pertaining to Ottoman-Islamic architectural monuments in the Southeast-European countries (outside Turkey).
      During phase 2 will be processed these images of monuments in Turkish Thrace; during phase 3, Christian monuments and mural painting from the Ottoman period will follow. The NIT will successively make available this material to the public.
    • Turkish historical photo archives Archive photos of Turkish historic figures
    • ShahreFarang. New modern Iranian online resource "is the Iranian version of peep boxes, a form of entertainment provided by wandering showmen. Shahre Farang were made of metal in the shape of an oriental castle with several holes. is hoping to bring you visual treats. It is the brain child of two Iranian designers & culture vultures, Mehrdad Aref-Adib and Surena Parham."
    • al-Qaeda Statements Index."The al-Qaeda Statement’s Index is an ongoing project created by Professor Barak Mendelsohn with the support of the Political Science department at Haverford College. The Index consists of a database of over 300 statements made by various members of al Qaeda and its affiliates’ senior leadership going back as far as 1994. Each statement is read by a group of research assistants and indexed based on critical keywords and relevant contexts. The index makes it possible to study trends in statements released by al-Qaeda over the years. It is a valuable tool in studying and combating global terrorism. Please note the availability of biographical information on authors with a significant presence in the index."
    • Tehran Propaganda Murals - from Harvard College Library Digital Collections
      "A part of daily life in contemporary Iran, propaganda murals appear throughout Tehran on both public and private buildings and contain powerful iconographic imagery.  This selection of over 130 propaganda murals photographed in the capital city during the summer of 2006 is among the first “born digital” special collections to come to the library and represents one of the first efforts to systematically document such public murals." 
    • The Creswell Archive Online Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology: The Creswell Archive
      In 1975 the Department of Eastern Art of the Ashmolean Museum was fortunate enough to receive a bequest consisting of the unique negative collection of Professor K.A.C. Creswell, the eminent pioneer of medieval Islamic architectural history. Among the photographs are many of those used to illustrate the two publications which remain the basic research tools for scholars of medieval Islamic architecture: Creswell's Early Muslim Architecture, and Muslim Architecture of Egypt 
      The collection also includes large number of photographs intended for a third volume of Muslim Architecture of Egypt, which was to deal with the monuments of the Burji Mamluk period. Since this project remained unfinished at the time of Creswell's death, the bulk of these are unpublished.
      Over the past decade the Ashmolean Museum has undertaken the printing, identification and digitisation of the Creswell Archive with the aim of making this exceptional collection available to a wider audience. The subjects of the photographs range in place and date from al-Andalus to Iraq, from the late seventh century to the eighteenth. The greater part of the archive consists of images of the architecture of Egypt and the Levant between the twelfth and fifteenth centuries. Most were taken in the second quarter of this century. Some of the buildings which Creswell photographed are no longer extant, others subsequently underwent drastic, and often poorly-documented campaignes of restoration. The photographs therefore provide.
    • Islamic Ceramics
    • The Newberry Collection of Islamic Embroideries An unpublished catalogue of the Ashmolean’s collection of Islamic embroideries from Egyptologist Percy Newberry, by Ruth Barnes and Marianne Ellis.
    • Ernst Herzfeld Papers from The Metropolitan Museum’s Department of Islamic Art – First Series Online 
      "Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was a German archaeologist, philologist, geographer and historian in the field of Near Eastern Studies. A formidable figure in Central European scholarship during the early twentieth century, his major contributions include archaeological excavations at Samarra (Iraq), Pasargadae, Persepolis and Kuh-i Khwaja (Iran); architectural surveys of Damascus, Northern Syria, and Mesopotamia; mapping of remote regions in Kurdistan (Iraq and Iran); and recording and publishing architectural inscriptions in Arabic and Middle Persian. The Ernst Herzfeld Papers housed in the Metropolitan Museum are divided between the Department of Islamic Art and the Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art. The museum’s holdings consist of several thousand items from Herzfeld's archives, including photograph negatives, photographs, original drawings and paintings, clippings, correspondence, maps, sketchbooks, notebooks, squeezes and manuscripts of scholarly work. These materials span Herzfeld’s professional career from his collegiate studies in Berlin (1899-1902) to his residence as a senior scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton (1936-1944). Items document both original findings and synthetic research pertaining to sites and monuments in Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey, India and Egypt. While representing only part of his archive, the Metropolitan Museum's holdings are integral to understanding Herzfeld's scholarly career."
    • Digital Islamic Humanities Project - Webcast: