Selected Literature on Radicalization and De-radicalization from Terrorism

Monographs, Edited Volumes, Grey Literature and Prime

(published since 1970, compiled by Eric Price & Alex. P. Schmid)

Abbas, T. (2007) (Ed.). Islamic Political Radicalism: A European Comparative Perspective.
Edinburgh, University Press.
Abbas, T. (2010). Islamic Radicalism and Multicultural Politics. London, Routledge.
Adekson, A.O. (2004). The "Civil Society" Problematique: Deconstructing Civility and Southern
Nigeria's Ethnic Radicalization. New York, Routledge.
Ashour, O. (2009). The De-radicalization of Jihadists: Transforming Armed Islamist Movements.
London; New York, Routledge.
Bandura, A. (1998). Mechanism of Moral Disengagement. In: W. Reich (Ed.,) Origins of
Terrorism. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press.
Barrett, R. & Bokhari, L. (2008). Deradicalization and rehabilitation programmes targeting
religious terrorists and extremists in the Muslim world. An overview. In: J.
Horgan and T. Bjorgo (Eds.). Leaving Terrorism Behind. Individual and Collective
Disengagement. London, Routledge, pp.170-180.
Bjorgo, T. (2005) (Ed.). Root Causes of Terrorism: Myths, Reality and the Way Forward.
London, Routledge.
Bjørgo, T. & Horgan, J. (2009) (Eds.). Leaving Terrorism Behind: Individual and Collective
Disengagement. Abingdon, New York, Routledge
Browning, D. & Clairmont, D.A. (2007) (Eds.). American Religions and the Family: How Faith
Traditions Cope with Modernization and Democracy. New York, Columbia Press.
Buijs, F. J, & Demant. F & Hamdy, A. (2006). Strijders van eigen bodem. Radicale en
democratische moslims in Nederland. Amsterdam, University Press.
Burgat, F. (2008). Islamism in the Shadow of al-Qaeda. Austin, TX., University of Texas Press.
Calvert, J. (2010). Sayyid Qutb and the Origins of Radical Islamism. New York, N.Y., Columbia
University Press.
Cleveland, W.L. (2004). A History of the Modern Middle East. Boulder, Colo., Westview Press.
Corman, S. & Tretheway, A. & Goodall, H.L. (2008). (Eds.). Weapons of mass persuasion:
Strategic communication in the struggle against violent extremism. New York, Peter Lang.
Crenshaw, Martha. (1992). Decisions to Use Terrorism: Psychological Constraints on
Instrumental Reasoning. In: D. della Porta (Ed.). Social Movements and Violence. London, JAI
Dearey, M. (2010). Radicalization: the Life Writings of Political Prisoners. Abingdon, Oxon;
New York, NY., Routledge
Ebaugh, H. & Fuchs. R (1988). Becoming an Ex: The Process of Role Exit. Chicago, University
of Chicago Press.
Esposito, J. L. & Mogahed. D. (2008). Who Speaks for Islam? What a Billion Muslims Really
Think. Gallup Press.
Feldstein, S.P. (Ed.,) (2009). Terrorist Ideology and the Implications of Radicalization. New
York: Nova Science.
Gerber, H (2008). Remembering and Imagining Palestine: identity and Nationalism from the
Crusades to the Present. New York, Palgrave Macmillan.
Forest, J.F. (Ed.). The Making of a Terrorist: Recruitment, Training and Root Causes. London,
Westport Publishers, 2006.
Friedland, N. (1992). Becoming a Terrorist: Social and Individual Antecedents. In; L. Howard
(Ed.). Terrorism: Roots, Impact, Responses. New York, Praeger Publishers, pp.81-93.
Groen, J. (2010). Women Warriors for Allah: an Islamist Network in the Netherlands.
Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press.
Guidere, & Morgan. M, (2007). Le Manuel de recrutement d' Al-Qaida. Paris, Seuil.
Horgan, J. (2003). Leaving terrorism behind. In: A. Silke (Ed.). Terrorists, Victims and Society:
Psychological Perspectives on Terrorism and is Consequences. London, John Wiley.
Horgan, J. (2005). The Psychology of Terrorism. London, Routledge.
Horgan, J. (2009). Walking Away from Terrorism. New York, Routledge.
Hoskins, A., Akil, A. & O’Loughlin, B. (2010). Radicalization and the Media;Legitimising
Violence in the New Media. New York, Routledge.
Hudson, R.A. (1999). Sociology and Psychology of Terrorism: Who Becomes a Terrorist and
Why? Guilfort, C.T., The Lyons Press.
Hughes, J. (2007). Chechnya: from Nationalism to Jihad. Philadelphia, University of
Pennsylvania Press.
Kassab, E. S. (2010). Contemporary Arab Thought: Cultural Critique in Comparative
Perspective. New York, Columbia University Press.
Kebede, M. (2008). Radicalism and Cultural Dislocation in Ethiopia, 1960-1974. Rochester,
NY., University of Rochester Press.
Khosrokhavar, Farhad (2005). Suicide Bombers. Allah's New Martrs. London, Pluto Press.
Konrad Adenauer Foundation (2005). Radicalization of Muslim communities in Southeast Asia;
International Conference. Konrad Adenauer Stiftung: Makati City, Philippines.
Krueger, Alan B. (2007). What Makes a Terrorist? Economics and the Roots of Terrorism.
Princeton, University Press.
Moghaddam, F. (2008). How Globalization Spurs Terrorism: the Lopsided Benefits of "One
World" and Why That Fuels Violence. Westport, Conn., Praeger Security International.
Mukherjee, M. (2004). Peasants in India's Non-violent Revolution: Practice and Theory.New
Delhi; Thousand Oaks, Sage Publications.
Murphree, V. (2006). The Selling of Civil Rights: the Student Nonviolent Coordinating
Committee and the Use of Public Relations. New York, Routledge.
Neuman, P.R. (2009) Joining al-Qaeda; Jihadist Recruitment in Europe. New York, Routlege.
Pedahzur, A. (Ed.) (2006). Root Causes of Suicide Terrorism: Globalization of Martyrdom. New
York, Routledge.
Pargeter, A. (2008). New Frontiers of Jihad; Radical Islam in Europe. Didcot (UK), Marston.
Pastor, J. F. (2010). Terrorism and Public Safety Policing: Implications for the Obama
Presidency. Boca Raton, CRC Press.
Peniel, E. J. (Ed.,) (2006). The Black Power Movement: Rethinking the Civil Rights-Black Power
Era. New York, Routledge.
Podhoretz, N. (2007). World War IV: the Long Struggle Against Islamofascism. New York,
Porta, D. della. (Ed.,) (1992). Social Movements and Violence. London, JAI Press.
Ramakrishna, K. (2009). Radical Pathways: Understanding Muslim Radicalization in Indonesia.
Westport, Conn., Praeger Security International.
Ranstorp, M. (2010). Understanding Violent Radicalism; Terrorist and Jihadist Movements in
Europe. New York, Routledge.
Reich, W. (Ed.) (1998). Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of
Mind. Cambridge, University Press.
Richardson, L. (2006). What Terrorists Want. Understanding the Terrorist Threat. London, John
Rosenthal, J.A. (Ed.) (2006). State of the Struggle: Report on the Battle Against Terrorism.
Washington, D.C., Council on Global Terrorism.
Roshwald, A. (2001). Ethnic Nationalism and the Fall of Empires: Central Europe, Russia, and
the Middle East, 1914-1923. London; New York, Routledge.
Roy, O. (2008). Islamic Terrorist Radicalisation in Europe. In: S. Amghar, A. Boubekeur and M.
Emerson (Eds.) European Islam. Challenges for public policy and society. Brussels, Centre for
European Policy Studies.
Sageman, M. (2008). Leaderless Jihad: Terror Networks in the Twenty-first Century.
Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press.
Sageman, M. (2004). Understanding Terrorist Networks. Philadelphia, University of
Pennsylvania Press.
Silke, A. (2003). Becoming a terrorist. In: A .Silke (Ed.).: Psychological Perspectives on
Terrorism and its Consequences. p. 29-53. (Wiley Series in Psychology of Crime, Policing and
Law.) Oxford,Wiley-Blackwell.
Singha Roy, D.K. (2004). Peasant Movements in Post-colonial India: Dynamics of Mobilization
and Identity. New Delhi, Thousand Oaks, Sage Publications.
Sprinzak, E. (1998). The psycho-political formation of extreme left terrorism in a democracy:
The case of the Weathermen. In: W. Reich (Ed.,) Origins of Terrorism. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins
Stern, J. (2003). Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill. New York, Harper
Vermaat, E. (2005). The Hofstadgroup: A radical Islamic network. Soesterberg, Uitgeverij
Vermaat, E. (2006). Nederlandse Jihad. Het proces tegen de Hofstadgroep. Soesterberg,
Uitgeverij Aspekt.
Vidino, L. (2005). Al Qaeda in Europe: The New Battleground of Global Jihad. Amherst, New
York. Prometheus Books
Vidino, L. (2010) The New Muslim Brotherhood in the West.
Waldmann, P. (2009). Radikalisierung in der Diaspora: Wie Islamisten im Westen zu Terroristen
werden. Hamburg, Murmann .
Waldmann, P. (2010). Radicalisation in the Diaspora: Why Muslims in the West Attack Their
Host Countries. Madrid, Elcano.
Wasmund, K. (1986). The political socialization of West German terrorists. In: P. Merkl (Ed.,)
Political Violence and Terror: Motives an Motivations. Berkeley, University of California Press.
Wiktorowicz, Q. (Ed.,) (2004). Islamic Activism: A Social Movement Theory Approach. Indiana,
Indiana University Press.
Grey Literature
Al-Awlaki, A. (2010). Western Jihad is Here to Stay.New York, NY., NEFA Foundation.
Alterman, J. B. (1999). How Terrorism Ends. Washington,D.C., US Institute for Peace. (Special
Report no. 48)
AIVD (Netherlands Intelligence and Security Service) (1998). Political Islam in the Netherlands.
The Hague, AIVD.
AIVD. (2004). From Dawa to Jihad. The Various Threats from Radical Islam to the Democratic
Legal Order. The Hague, AIVD.
AIVD. (2006). Violent Jihad in the Netherlands. The Hague, AIVD.
AIVD. (2010).Disengagement en deradicalisering van jihadisten in Nederland. The Hague,
Ashour, O. (March 2010). Lions Tamed? An Inquiry into the Causes of De-Radicalization of
Militant Islamist Movements. Chicago, International Studies
Association, 28 February 2007. [Presentation Paper]
Ashour, O. & Boucek, C. (16 April 2009). De-Radicalization in Egypt, Algeria, and Libya.
Washington, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Bakker, E. (2006). Jihadi terrorists in Europe, their characteristics and the circumstances in
which they joined the jihad: an exploratory study. The Hague, Clingendael.
Barari, H. (2009). Muslim Brothhood in Japan: Hamas in Ascendence. PolicyWatch #1585.
Washington D.C., The Washington Institute.
Benraad, M. & Abdelbakery. M (2009). Transition in Egypt; Radicals on the Rise? PolicyWatch
#1588. Washington: The Washington Institute.
Beutel, A. J. (2007) Radicalization and Homegrown Terrorism in Western Muslim Communities:
Lessons Learned for America, Minaret of Freedom Institute, Bethesda, MD.
Bjorgo, T. (2005) Reducing Recruitment and Promoting Disengagement from Extremist Groups:
The Case of Racist Sub-Cultures. In: C. Benard, Cheryl. (Ed.). A Future for the Young: Options
for Helping Middle Eastern Youth Escape the Trap of Radicalization. St. Monica, RAND,
(RAND Working Paper WR-354)
Bokhari, L. et al. (Eds.). Paths to Global Jihad. Oslo, FFI.
Boyd, D. et al. (2008) Why Have We Not Been Attacked Again?Competing and
Complementary Hypotheses for Homeland Attack Frequency. Defense Threat Reduction
Agency’s Advanced Systems and Concepts Office and Science Applications International
Center on Global Counterrorism Cooperation (2008) Radicalization / De-radicalization; Lessons
for the Next U.S. President. [Summary] New York, NY., Center on Global Counterterrorism
Change Institute.(2008). The Beliefs, Ideologies and Narratives of Violent
Radicalization.London, Change Institute.
Change Institute. (2008). Study on the best practices in cooperation between authorities and civil
society with a view to the prevention and response to violent radicalization. London, Change
COT (Netherlands Institute for Safety, Security and Crisis Management) et al.
(17 November 2008). Radicalization, Recruitment and the EU Counter-radicalization Strategy.
The Hague, COT.
COT et al. (1 April 2008). Causal Factors of Radicalization. The Hague, COT.
COT et al. (17 Nov. 2008). Radicalization, Recruitment and the EU
Counter-radicalization Strategy. The Hague, COT.
COT et al. (May 2008). The EU Counterradicalization Strategy. Evaluating EU policies
concerning causes of radicalization. The Hague, COT.
Council of the European Union (2005). The European Union Strategy for Combating
Radicalisation and Recruitment to Terrorism. Brussels, European Commission.
Council of the European Union (2007). The European Union Strategy for Combating
Radicalization and Recruitment to Terrorism - Implementation Report. Brussels, European
Dalgaard-Nielsen, Anja. (2008). Studying Violent Radicalization in Europe I: The Potential
Contribution of Social Movement Theory. Copenhagen, Danish Institute for International Studies
(DIIS). (DIIS Working Paper no. 2008/2).
Dalgaard-Nielsen, Anja. (2008). Studying Violent Radicalization in Europe II: The Potential
Contribution of Socio-Psychological and Psychological Approaches. Copenhagen, Danish
Institute for International Studies (DIIS). (DIIS Working Paper no. 2008/3)
Demant, F. & Slootman, M. & Buijs, F. & Tillie, J. (2008). Decline and disengagement.An
analysis of processes of deradicalisation. Amsterdam, IMES, 2008.
Emerson, M. & Kausch, K. & Youngs, R. (2006). (Eds.). Islamist Radicalisation the Challenge
for Euro-Mediterranean Relations. Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels; FRIDE,
European Commission (2006). Terrorist recruitment: a Commission's Communication
addressing the factors contributing to violent radicalisation. MEMO/05/329.
European Commission. Expert Group on Violent Radicalisation. (2008) Radicalisation Processes
Leading to Acts of Terrorism. A Concise Report submitted to the European Commission on 15
May 2008.
Fighel. J. (2009). The Saudi Double Game; The Internet “Counter-radicalization”
Campaign. Tel Aviv, The Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center.
Forest, J.J.F. (2009). Static and Interactive Frames of Terrorism Analysis. Combating Terrorism
Center at West Point.
Garfinkel, Renee(2007). Personal Transformations: Moving From Violence To Peace.
Washington, D.C., US Institute of Peace, (Special Report 186).
Georgeon, O. & J.H., et al. (2010). Process Modeling for the Study of Non-State Political
Violence. BRIMS [Conference paper]
Global Futures Forum. (2007). The World and the Neighbourhood: Emerging Perspectives on
Radicalism and Social Conflict. Ottawa, Global Futures Forum Workshop, 12-13 March
2007.117 pp.
Gruen, M. (2010). Feiz Muhammad: Extremist Ideologue with Influence in the West. New York,
NY.: NEFA Foundation.
Hearne, E.B. & Fink, N.C. (2008). Beyond Terrorism: Deradicalization and Disengagement
from Violent Extremism. New York, NY.: IPI.
Hoffman, B. (et al.) (2007). The Radicalization of Diasporas and Terrorism: a Joint Conference
by the RAND Corporation and the Center for Security Studies. Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND.
Horgan, J. & Braddock, K. (2009). Assessing the Effectiveness of Current De-
Radicalization Initiatives and Identifying Implications for the Development of US-Based
Initiatives in Multiple Settings. Maryland, MD.: University of Maryland, National Consortium
for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism.
International Crisis Group (19 Nov. 2009). 'Deradicalisation ' and Indonesian Prisons. Asia
Briefing, No. 142, Jakarta.
Jacobson, M. (2010). Terrorist Dropouts; Learning from Those Who Have Left.
Washington D.C., The Washington Institute.
Jenkins, B. (2007). Building an army of believers. Jihadist radicalisation and recruitment.
Testimony presented before the House Homeland Security Committee, Subcommittee on
Intelligence, Information Sharing and Terrorism Risk Assessment, 5 April 2007. Santa Monica,
Jenkins, B.M. (2007). Defining the Role of a National Commission on the Prevention of Violent
Radicalization and Homegrown Terrorism Santa Monica, RAND, CA.,
Johnston, A.K. (2009). Assessing the Effectiveness of Deradicalization Programs for
Islamist Extremists. Monterey, Cal., Naval Postgraduate School, Master Thesis,
Dec. 2009.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark (2007). Countering Radicalization through Development
Assistance - A Country Assessment Tool. Copenhagen, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Nesser, P. (2004). Jihad in Europe. Exploring the motivations for Salafi-Jihadi terrorism in
Europe post-milennium. Oslo, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo.
Nesser, P. (2006). Jihad in Europe. Recruitment for Terrorist Cells in Europe:. In:
Bokhari, L. et al. (Eds.) Paths to Global Jihad. Oslo, FFI.
Nesser, P. (2006). How does radicalization occur in Europe? Paper presented at the 2nd Inter-
Agency Radicalization Conference, 10 July 2006. Washington,D.C., US
Department of Homeland Security, 2006.
PET, Center for Terroranalyse (CTA) (2008). Radikalisering og terror.
Porges, M.L. (2010) .The Saudi Deradicalization Experiment. Council of Foreign Relations.
RAND (2010). Reform or Radicalisation. London, RAND Europe.
Ranstorp, M. (2009). Preventing Violent Radicalization and Terrorism; The Case of
Indonesia. Swedish National Defence College.
Silber, M.D. & Bhatt, A. (2007). Radicalization in the West: The Homegrown Threat. New York
City Police Department.
Slootman, M & Tillie, M. (2006, October). Processes of Radicalisation: Why some Amsterdam
Muslims become radicals. Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies, Universiteit van
Stigler, A.L. (2007). Countering ideological support for terrorism. Paper presented at the
International Studies Association Conference.
Stevens, T. & Neumann, P.R. (2009). Countering Online Radicalisation. A Strategy for Action.
London, The International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence (ICSR),
King's College.
Taarnby, M. (2005). Recruitment of Islamist Terrorists in Europe: Trends and Perspectives.
Aarhus, Centre for Cultural Research, University of Aarhus.
Trethewey, A. & Corman, S.R. & Goodall, B. (14 Sept. 2009). Out of Their Heads and Into Their
Conversation: Countering Extremist Ideology. Arizona State University, Consortium for Strategic
Communication, (Report no. 0902).
United Nations Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force. (2008, September). Report of the
Working Group on Radicalization and Extremism that Lead to Terrorism. New York, UN.
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Security. Subcommittee on Intelligence,
Information Sharing, and Terrorism Risk Assessment. (2008). Assessing and Addressing the
Threat: Defining the Role of a National Commission on the Prevention of Violence
Radicalization and Homegrown Terrorism. Washington, U.S. G.P.O.
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Security. Subcommittee on Intelligence,
Information Sharing, and Terrorism Risk Assessment. (2009). Radicalization, Information
Sharing and Community Outreach: Protecting the Homeland from Homegrown Terror.
Washington, U.S. G.P.O.
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs.
(2007). Prison Radicalization: Are Terrorist Cells Forming in U.S. Cell Blocks? Washington .,
U.S., G.P.O.
Veldhuis, T. & Bakker, E. (2009). Muslims in the Netherlands: Tensions and Violent Conflict
MICROCON Policy Working Paper 6, University of Sussex, Brighton, U.K.
Von Hippel, K. (2006). Counter Radicalization Development Assistance, Copenhagen, Danish
Institute for International Studies (DIIS).
Veldhuis, T. & Staun, J. (2010). Islamist Radicalisation. A Root Cause Model .The Hague,
Wiktorowicz, Q. (2004). Joining the Cause: Al-Muhajiroun and Radical Islam: Rhodes College.
Wiktorowitz, Q. (2005). Radical Islam Rising: Muslim Extremism in the West. Oxford, Rowman
& Littlefield,.
Zimbardo, P. (2008). The Lucifer Effect. Understanding How Good People Turn Evil. New York,
Random House.
Zimmermann, D. & William Rosenau, W. (Eds.) (2009). The Radicalization of Diasporas and
Terrorism. Züricher Beiträge zur Sicherheitspolitik, Nr. 80.
Prime Journal Articles
Ashour, Omar (2008).'De-radicalization of Jihad? The Impact of Egyptian Islamist Revisionists
on al-Qaeda. Perspectives on Terrorism, 2 (5) p. 11-14.
Atran, S. (2003) Genesis of Suicide Terrorism, Science 299 (5612, 7 March), pp. 1534 - 1539.
Awan, A.N. (2007) Virtual jihadist media: Function, legitimacy and radicalizing efficacy.
European Journal of Cultural Studies 10 (3, August) pp. 389-408.
Boucek. C. (2007). Extremist re-education and rehabilitation in Saudi Arabia. Terrorism Monitor,
5 (16).
Brighton, S. (2007). British Muslims, multiculturalism and UK foreign policy: integration' and
`cohesion' in and beyond the state International Affairs 83 (1, January) pp. 1-17.
Bux, S. (2007). Muslim Youths, Islam and Violent Radicalization: Addressing Some Myths. The
Police Journal 80 (3, September), pp. 267-278.
Choudhury, T. (2009). The Terrorism Act 2006: Discouraging Terrorism Extreme Speech and
Democracy (February) pp. 461-486.
Crenshaw, M. (1981).'The Causes of Terrorism', Comparative Politics, 13, pp. 379-399.
Cronin, A.K. (2002/3) Behind the Curve: Globalization and International Terrorism International
Security 27 (3), Winter, pp. 30-58.
Cronin, A. K. (2006) How Al-Qaeda Ends: The Decline and Demise of Terrorist Groups.
International Security, 31 (1) pp.32-39.
Cusack, J. & Taylor, M. (1993) Resurgence of a terrorist organization part 1: The UDA, a case
study. Terrorism and Political Violence 5 (3, Autumn) pp. 1-27.
Dawson, L.L. (2010) The Study of New Religious Movements and the Radicalization of Home-
Grown Terrorists: Opening a Dialogue. Terrorism and Political Violence. 22 (1) pp.1 – 21.
DeMause, L. (2002).'The childhood origins of terrorism'. Journal of Psychohistory, 29 (4), pp.
Dugan, L. & Huang, J.Y. (2008) (et al.,) Sudden desistance from terrorism: The Armenian Secret
Army for the Liberation of Armenia and the Justice Commandos of the Armenian Genocide.
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict 1 (3, November) pp. 231 - 249.
Ferrero, M. (2005) Radicalisation as a Reaction to Failure: An Economic Model of Islamic
Extremism. Public Choice, 122, pp. 199-220.
Friedland, N. & Merari, A. (1985). 'The Psychological Impact of Terrorism: A Double-Edged
Sword'. Political Psychology 6 (4, December), pp. 591-604.
Gibson, S.D. (2009) Future roles of the UK intelligence system. Review of International Studies
35, pp. 917-928.
Githens-Mazer, J. (2008) 'Variations on a Theme: Radical Violent Islamism and European North
African Radicalization'. PS: Political Science & Politics 41 (1), pp.19-24.
Gunaratna, R. & Ali, M. B. (2009) 'De-Radicalization Initiatives in Egypt: A Preliminary Insight'.
Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 32 (4, April) pp. 277-291.
Hamm, M. S. (2009) 'Prison Islam in the Age of Sacred Terror'. British Journal of Criminology,
49 (5, September), pp. 667-685.
Hafez, M.M. ( 2008).' Radicalization in the Persian Gulf: Assessing the potential of Islamist
militancy in Saudi Arabia and Yemen'. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict (1, 1 March) pp. 6 - 24.
Hassan,M.H. (2007). 'Singapore's Muslim community-based initiatives against JI'. Perspectives
on Terrorism, I (5).
Horgan, J. (2009) Deradicalization or disengagement? A process in need of clarity and a
counterterrorism initiative in need of evaluation Revista de Psicología Social 24 (2, May), pp.
Horgan, J. (2008).'From Profiles to Pathways and Roots to Routes: Perspectives from
Psychology on Radicalization into Terrorism'. The ANNALS of the American Academy of
Political and Social Science, 618, (1) pp. 80-94.
Kirby, A. (2007) 'The London Bombers as “Self-Starters”: A Case Study in Indigenous
Radicalization and the Emergence of Autonomous Cliques', Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 30
(5, May), pp. 415 - 428.
Kohlmann, E. (2010).' A Beacon for Extremists: the Ansar al- Mujahideen Wen Forum'. CTC
Sentinel 3 (2) February, p. 1- 4.
Hafez, M.M. (2008).' Radicalization in the Persian Gulf: Assessing the potential of Islamist
militancy in Saudi Arabia and Yemen'. Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways Toward
Terrorism and Genocide, 1 (1), pp. 6-24.
Jackson, P.I. (2009) 'Measuring Muslim Integration in Europe'. Democracy and Security 5 (3),
pp. 223–248.
Jacques, K. & Taylor, P.J. (2009) 'Female Terrorism: A Review'. Terrorism and Political Violence
21 (3), pp. 499–515.
Johnsen, G. D. & Boucek, C. (2008) 'The Dilemma of the Yemeni Detainees at Guantanamo
Bay'. CTC Sentinel 1 (12, November ) pp.1–4.
Kirby, A. (2007).'The London Bombers as 'Self-Starters’. A Case Study in Indigenous
Radicalisations and the Emergence of Autonomous Cliques'. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 30
(5), pp. 415-428.
Kruglanski, A.W. & Gelfand, M & Gunaratna, R. (2010).' Detainee Deradicalization: A
Challenge fo Psychological Science'. Observer [Association for Psycological Science], 23, (1,
Kruglanski, A.W. & Fishman, S. (2009).' Psychological Factors in Terrorism and
Counterterrorism: Individual, Group, and organizational Levels of Analysis'. Social Issues and
Policy Review, 3 (1), pp. 1-44.
Kruglanski, A. W. & Crenshaw, M. (et al.) (2007) 'What Should This Fight Be Called?
Metaphors of Counterterrorism and Their Implications'. Psychological Science in the Public
Interest, 8 (3, December), pp. 97-133.
LaFree, G. & Erin Miller, E. (2008). 'Desistance from terrorism: What can we learn from
criminology?', Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict, 1 (3), November) pp. 203-230.
Laub, J.H. & Sampson, R.J. (2001) 'Understanding Desistance from Crime'. Crime and Justice,
28, pp. 1-69.
Lauwers, G. (2003).' Discussing Autonomy and Independence for Corsica'. Contextualizing
Secession (July), pp. 49-71
Lentini, P. (2008) 'Understanding and combating terrorism: Definitions, origins and strategies.'
Australian Journal of Political Science ,43 (1, March) pp. 133-140.
Levine, S. (1999). 'Youth in Terroristic Groups, Gangs, and Cults: The Allure, the Animus, and
the Alienation'. Psychiatric Annals, 29 (6), pp. 342-349.
Loza, W. (2007). 'Psychology of Extremism and Terrorism: A Middle-Eastern Perspective'.
Aggression and Violent Behavior, 12 (2), pp.141-155.
McCauley, C. & Moskalenko, S. (2008) 'Mechanisms of Political Radicalization: Pathways
Toward Terrorism.' Terrorism and Political Violence, 20 (3, July) pp. 415 – 433.
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About the CompilersEric Price is a Professional Information SpecialistAlex P. Schmid is 
Editor of 'Perspectives on Terrorism'.